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The Central Valley News Collaborative includes The Fresno Bee, Vida en el Valle, Valley Public Radio and Radio Bilingüe. The project was announced in late 2020 and began its work in 2021 with the Collaborative's reporters shining a light on how the Central Valley’s communities of color have been disproportionately impacted, physically and financially, by COVID-19. The Collaborative is now exploring how the drought and climate change could reshape the valley, and the lives of the people who work in the agriculture industry. The Collaborative is supported by the Central Valley Community Foundation, with technology and training support by Microsoft Corp.

Amid the pandemic, Firebaugh’s faithful celebrate Virgen de Guadalupe

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Madi Bolanos
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Firebaugh residents perform traditional Aztec dances for the Virgen de Guadalupe celebration.

A float decorated with images of the Virgen de Guadalupe winds from St. Joseph’s Catholic Church in Firebaugh, through neighborhoods of tiny pastel houses and passes the local park.

Evelia Garcia, 64, walks behind the float, chanting, “Viva la Virgen!” About 200 people walk behind her. Some residents of the small community set up chairs on their lawns to watch the procession, others hold their phones up to capture the moment.

Garcia is a petite woman who at first seems shy and soft-spoken. She’s wearing a red dress with an embroidered image of the Virgen de Guadalupe on the front. Twenty women and their daughters have on the same outfit. They’re a part of the dance group from St. Joseph’s Catholic Church.

Every December, Catholic Latinos across the state honor the Virgen de Guadalupe. The celebration of Las Posadas commemorates the appearance of Mary, the mother of Jesus, to an indigenous man named Juan Diego in Mexico in 1531. Honoring that tradition was especially important this year for Firebaugh, a community that’s been hit hard during the pandemic.

Because of the pandemic, the beloved celebration was canceled last year and the dance group was unable to perform. COVID hit farmworker communities like Firebaugh especially hard and agricultural workers couldn’t afford to stay home.

Father Rayanna Pudota says after a year of immense loss, his parishioners were really excited about reviving the celebration of Las Posadas.

“People, they have faith and they are longing because for some time they missed this,” he says.

For sisters, teaching Aztec dance is a way to ‘do our part’ 

That’s especially true for Garcia, who is originally from Tequila, Jalisco in Mexico. She says she grew up reciting the rosary every night with her siblings. Years later, she moved to a remote part of Fresno County with her husband. He worked in the fields and she worked at the local tomato processing facility. 

“I lived in a rural area,” she says in Spanish, “so I couldn’t participate in church events.” But, she adds, it was important for her to continue practicing her faith.

Over time, Garcia and her husband saved up enough money to buy a car. That’s when Garcia says she started attending group prayers at St. Joseph's. She loved it and started going to church seven days a week for nearly 40 years. Then, in December 2019, her husband died of colon cancer. Three months later, COVID hit.

Garcia says the beginning of the pandemic was the loneliest time of her life.

“I got sick of being indoors and with the churches closed,” she says. “It felt like I was dying, and my soul was dying, too.”

That changed when a friend from church brought communion bread to her doorstep.

The depressive feeling left me,” she says. “ Everything I was feeling disappeared and from then on I felt happier.”

She began praying again and helping the church in any way she could. She also joined the choir and started teaching Aztec dances for the Virgen de Guadalupe celebration.

“I learned some dances as a kid from her dad and the others I found online,” she says. “My sister and I would practice together and teach other dancers.”

Garcia's sister, Marta, says dancing is in their blood.

“My dad taught dance, my brother dances, and my sister and I dance,” she says in Spanish. “We try to do our part.”

Virgen de Guadalupe celebration brings ‘joy to the people’

It’s not just the Garcia sisters. This tradition has brought a lot of families from Firebaugh together. Farmworker Maria Dolores Ramirez Martinez dances with her two daughters, ages 15 and 4. They’ve got feathers on their headdresses and they wear ayoyotes –or anklets festooned with hard shells -- that shake and clank with every step.

“I feel grateful to be able to dance again because last year we couldn’t do it,” she says in Spanish. “Everyone was stuck inside, afraid to let their kids out, until now when they can celebrate again.”

Her oldest daughter, Arcelia Fuerte, agrees. For many, the Virgen de Guadalupe celebration is the first time since the start of the pandemic they’ve been able to celebrate their faith together and feel hopeful for the future.

“It's really like to bring joy to the people because of COVID and the lives that were lost,” she says. “We just want to bring them happiness with our dances.”

This story is part of the Central Valley News Collaborative, which is supported by the Central Valley Community Foundation with technology and training support by Microsoft Corp.

Madi Bolanos covered immigration and underserved communities for KVPR from 2020-2022. Before joining the station, she interned for POLITCO in Washington D.C. where she reported on US trade and agriculture as well as indigenous women’s issues during the Canadian election. She earned a bachelor’s degree in journalism with a minor in anthropology from San Francisco State University. Madi spent a semester studying at the Danish Media and Journalism School where she covered EU policies in Brussels and alleged police brutality at the Croatian-Serbian border.