On the campus of the Bakersfield ARC, employees can work in a number of places, but one of the noisiest is the material recovery facility. It’s where about half of the city’s recycling is sorted by material.
“On a daily average, we do anywhere from 28 to 35 tons a day,” says Andres Lopez, the Recycling Division Manager at Bakersfield ARC. “So we're doing a good chunk of the city's material.”
Just outside the warehouse, contents from the city’s blue bins have been dumped. A conveyor belt brings the recyclables inside, and up to a second floor platform. Workers stand along the conveyor belt, sorting items out by material.
"Every single person has a specific material they're trying to capture,” says Lopez. “The first chute is trash, the second chute is cardboard and so on and so on.”
Back on the ground floor, Jeffrey Popkin, also with the Bakersfield ARC, explains who else works there: “On that line that we were just on, there are three developmentally disabled individuals to one staff person.”
The Bakersfield ARC, or BARC, isn’t just a recycling facility. It’s a non-profit that assists, employs, and educates adults with developmental and intellectual disabilities.
“Part of the training they're receiving is on employment skills,” says Popkin. “Staying on task, working with meeting production levels, showing up to work everyday on time.”
ARC used to stand for “Association for Retarded Citizens,” but the word, ‘retard’ is now considered a slur. The group and it’s national organization kept the acronym, ARC, as a name instead.
BARC's employees, also called clients, have intellectual or developmental disabilities, which might mean a diagnosis of down syndrome, autism, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, or something else that affects their ability to work.
Lisa Ackling is one client who’s been with BARC for 35 years.
“I have many jobs,” says Ackling. “First of all, I work here three days a week: Fridays, Mondays and Tuesday. Two days a week through the same company here at BARC, I work at Ikea, putting up boxes on a conveyor belt.”
On days when Ackling works at the BARC campus, her tasks vary, but she doesn’t mind the inconsistency.
“There's nothing I don't like. The only thing that I can't, well I can do it if I have to, is janitorial work and yard work and stuff cause of my allergies,” Ackling says.
Part of how BARC does business is through a certification from the Department of Labor to pay employees by their productivity, which means clients may or may not work at minimum wage. BARC CEO Jim Baldwin explains that this happens through a provision in the federal Fair Labor Standards Act.
“If somebody can do 50 percent of a non-disabled person, then you have two of them, that equals a whole job,” says Baldwin. “Corporate America and mom-and-pop America can hire that and pay two different people to do well.”
While this practice is legal, some disability advocates argue that it isn’t fair to pay employees with disabilities less than anyone else. Connie Chu is with Disability Rights California. She isn’t familiar specifically with BARC, but she says the overall concern is that facilities exclusively employing workers with disabilities can be exploitative.
“You know, for those of us that don’t have disabilities that impact our work, we know that day to day our productivity may really depend on our energy level, how we’re feeling that day, did we get enough rest, are we sick, and other things,” explains Chu.
Chu adds that sometimes facilities employing people with disabilities segregate them from employees without disabilities, creating a “sheltered workshop”. In that space, Chu says clients learn how to work, but only in that environment, not in a competitive workplace.
Despite these arguments, Jim Baldwin says that they are preparing their clients by giving them options outside their recycling facility and helping them find the best job fit.
Like Lisa Ackling, who says the job has given her independence. She has money to spend on movie outings and travel, two of her favorite things. She also pays her own rent and manages her own money.
“I've lived independently on my own for almost 11 years now,” says Ackling. “I have a little apartment and I keep it up and stuff, and I'm real happy about it.”
Happy enough to continue working at BARC, at least for the time being.